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National People’s Congress Yao Jinbo: Proposal to reduce corporate social security and provident fund contribution rate
At the two sessions this year, Yao Jinbo, the representative of the National People’s Congress and 58 city chief executives, is preparing to submit three written proposals focusing on “further stabilizing employment and supporting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises”, “further improving online vocational skills training”, and “promoting informatization”County economic development” and other topics.Facing the pressure of business operation, Yao Jinbo suggested that the proportion of housing provident fund deposits should be lowered appropriately, and the minimum payment of 5% should be replaced by 3%. The nationwide corporate payment ratio should be adjusted to 12% or 13%.Establish a credit evaluation system for SMEs to address corporate financing needs.In addition, support enterprises to build online vocational skills training platforms to supplement vocational training personnel.In the sinking market, Yao Jinbo suggested building a local information platform in counties as a unit to publish functions related to life services; strengthening Internet application skills training for grassroots personnel.It is recommended to lower the social security, housing provident fund payment ratio, and solve the financing needs of SMEs. Since the beginning of 2020, the new crown epidemic has caused a huge impact on the economic and social operations, and also brought serious challenges to the operation and development of SMEs, and directly threatened the stability of the job market.According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, GDP in the first quarter fell continuously by 6.8%.The SMEDI for the first quarter published by the National Development and Reform Commission was 82.0, a significant decrease of 10 from the previous quarter.7. The Chuang Index released its lowest quarterly value in ten years.Employment is a barometer of the economy and an important guarantee for social stability.李克强总理3月20日考察国务院复工复产推进工作机制时强调:“‘六稳’工作的头等大事就是稳就业,而中小微企业和个体户是就业最大的‘容纳器’,要想尽一切办法Let small, medium and micro enterprises and self-employed people survive.”The National People’s Congress deputy and 58 city CEO Yao Jinbo suggested that the housing provident fund contribution rate should be appropriately lowered and the minimum contribution of 5% should be replaced by 3%, which is a feasible pressure for enterprise employment.”It is recommended to further reduce the social insurance contribution rate. For example, pension insurance refers to practices in Xiamen, Shenzhen and other places, and the national enterprise contribution rate is uniformly adjusted to 12% or 13%.While reducing the ratio, actively expand other sources of income of social security funds.In addition, Yao Jinbo proposed to actively promote new modes such as flexible employment, and suggested that the government encourage human resource service companies to build flexible employment and shared employment platforms through targeted supplements.Effectively share enterprise labor costs.”Guide financial institutions to cooperate with Internet platforms to establish a credit evaluation system for SMEs and analyze their production and operation information in depth, thereby generating enterprise risk reports, calculating loan quotas, and solving corporate financing needs.”Building an online vocational skills training platform to supplement the training targets for economic and social transformation and development, vocational skills training has become an important alternative to improving the employment and entrepreneurial capabilities of workers, alleviating structural employment contradictions, and expanding employment scale.At the beginning of 2020, due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, offline vocational skills training is almost at a standstill, and the urgency and consequences of online vocational skills training are becoming increasingly prominent.In the first half of the year, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Affairs, the Ministry of Finance and other ministries and local governments intensively launched this policy to actively promote online vocational skills training.However, for large-scale migrant workers and other employment groups, there is still a lack of enthusiasm for enterprise training services in online vocational skills training, fewer workers are receiving training, and uneven supply and demand of training resources.Yao Jinbo suggested that the government strongly support enterprises to establish online vocational skills training platforms and enjoy corresponding national supplements. At the same time, for some of the national projects that are at the forefront in training content, technology, teachers, etc., local governments can use their dating locations and local trainingInstitutional cooperation and joint construction to drive the development of local vocational training.Therefore, it is recommended that the government increase funding and support efforts to use proportionally guaranteed employment subsidy funds, local talent expenditure and industry development and development for online vocational skills training.In view of the low enthusiasm of laborers to participate in online training and the small number of participants, Yao Jinbo suggested that the relevant departments establish electronic files for laborer’s vocational skills training to clearly supplement the standards and targets.Encourage “order-based training” to achieve a “seamless, seamless training”.In addition, he suggested that the government should further adjust the requirements for the reform of “delegating services” and encourage industry associations, enterprises, vocational colleges and other entities to jointly organize online vocational skills platforms.Strengthening the training of Internet application skills for grassroots personnel The sinking market represented by the county market has gradually attracted attention. The county covers towns and villages and is at a crucial moment of succession. The county economy is also an important part of the national economy.With the continuous development and popularization of network technology, the informatization construction systems such as the Internet of Things and big data have played an increasingly prominent role in promoting the development of the county economy and promoting the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure.The “Country Digital Agriculture and Rural Development Level Assessment Report 2019” issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs stated: “Counties (cities and districts) with a digital agriculture and rural development level exceeding 60% accounted for only 3.9%, counties (cities, districts) less than 30% accounted for 39.6%.In view of this, the overall level of county informatization is still at the initial stage of development, regional development is uneven, and the construction of informatized talents is relatively lagging behind.Yao Jinbo suggested to build a local information platform in the county as a unit, and related functions of dating life services.Adopt the model of government leadership, business operation, and residents’ interaction. On the basis of publishing government announcements, policies, and convenience information, dating e-commerce services on the Internet platform, job search and recruitment, water and electricity payment, bus travel and other functions serve local residents.”The government actively selects all kinds of talents to participate in the informatization work, builds an informatization talent team, and strengthens the Internet application skills training for grassroots personnel.”Yao Jinbo suggested.During the epidemic, new formats such as live broadcasts, cloud travel, and online consultations have gradually matured, and 5G, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and other technical methods have been widely used.Yao Jinbo suggested that all localities fully integrate local characteristic industry, agricultural industry and service industry with information technology, rely on big data, cloud computing, Internet of Things and other technologies to digitally transform the characteristic industrial chain to promote the transformation and upgrading of the county economy.Sauna, Ye Wang Chen Weicheng Editor Zhao Ze proofreading He Yan